People with diabetes are 25 times more likely to go blind, than someone without the disease. The United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study found that people with type 2 who maintained "tight" blood pressure control—averaging 144/82—reduced their risk of vision loss by 47% and cut their risk for progression of diabetic retinopathy, the leading cause of blindness in adults, by 34%.
According to the International Obesity Task Force estimates in 2002 60% of diabetes cases were due to weight gain, and in western nations the percentage climbs into the 90% range. See why losing belly fat can reduce your risk here.
For the longest time diabetes testing was done through urine samples. Urine tests can pick up diabetes, but it usually has to be very advanced to be detected through this method. There are 5 blood tests that can give you a close to accurate diagnosis.
Researchers have found that people who eat five or more servings per week of white rice were 17 percent more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those who eat less than one serving of white rice per month.