In the 21st Century, the urban public educational system focuses primarily on preparing students for two (PSSA) tests to determine reading and math competency, and the results of which are indicators of student, school and teacher success. Therefore, drill and practice of these skills are the only required instruction. All other subjects such as social studies and science are taught as fill-ins when time allows and the trades, arts, music and physical education programs are extinct to virtually nonexistent in most settings.
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